v/yaSlj9Yvq+ASep4YA1JORX/wCTSUi6z/yj0L/04Wf+2Oekpzun6fU76vGSP0XTtRz9CpJTR+3/ OO1rgSACQDrBkfwUq15fMs6iMy8MzOnMaLH7W2GreBuMB0tmfFFSH1ep/wDc3pf+dV/5BJSvV6n/ af8Atxv96SlftDp//cmn/txv96SlftDp/wD3Jp/7cb/ekpX7Q6f/ANyaf+3G/wB6SklV1d07J9sS EN+f3KHLzUY6DVnxcpKWstHtemdD6X0iTg0Bj3N2usJLnkf1nTz5KlPLKe5bkMUYbBvpi9SSlJKU %PDF-1.4 %���� The continued use of this material [i.e., chlorpyrifos] would allow us to competitively produce these types of vegetables in Maine closer to eastern markets, pass on transportation savings to consumers, and as a direct result reduce the amount of diesel fuel burned and the pollution and greenhouse gases discharged into the environment.” – Emerald Valley Ranches, LLC. Ww92e1s2dApsusxxg1CyobrGvrYza3xduAgappyxAu0iGcy4dbUz6v0vtdSMGkPYz1HbmMaAz9/c 2015-09-30T13:44:35-07:00 (Soybeans), – Maine Vegetable and Small Fruit Growers Association. While I realize we must do everything we can to protect our food supply from unnecessary chemical residues, I also know that the loss of chlorpyrifos would greatly limit the choices available to manage several major insect pests in the United States. (Field crops), – Phil Sloderbeck, Southwest Research and Extension Center. (Table grapes, Stone fruit), “Chlorpyrifos in cotton is used primarily against cotton aphids, and particularly late-season infestations. Chlorpyrifos - Changes to Authorised Uses. 6Bmo8wkpw/tmN/5dZ3+a/wD9KoqV9sxv/LrO/wA1/wD6VSUr7Zjf+XWd/mv/APSqSlfbMb/y6zv8 Inches E/0Lv89396Sm1gdF6f0yx1uGwsc9u0kuLtJnufJJTeSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJTk9Z/5 f//Z (Peaches), Alfalfa — grasshoppers, leafhoppers, armyworms, cutworms, pea aphid, plant bugs, Field corn — cutworms, grubs, seed corn maggot, wireworm, grasshoppers, armyworms, Soybean — grasshoppers, Lepidoptera foliage feeders, armyworms, bean leaf beetle, cutworm, soybean aphid, spider mites, Sugarbeet — grasshoppers, spidermites, lygus bugs, sugarbeet root maggot, aphids, Sunflower — cutworms, grasshoppers, banded sunflower moth, seed weevil, stem weevil, sunflower beetle, sunflower moth, lygus bugs, Wheat — aphids, grasshoppers, army cutworm, cutworms, wheat midge, cereal leaf beetle. The voluntary cancellations will be "phased-in" to facilitate the user's transition to other products. (Nursery), “I strongly urge that the use of chlorpyrifos not be cancelled in soybean. HNLTqJ4cAiRSAbSIJUkpSSnJ6z/yj0L/ANOFn/tjnpKV9U//ABK9G/8ATfi/+ea0lOskpSSlJKYX The most widely used products containing Chlorpyrifos are: Dursban® or Lorsban® – a commonly-used termiticide (Dursban® Ortho-Klor (12.6% chlorpyrifos or Dursban® TC (42.8 % chlorpyrifos). /wAmgl18TMBxqzmW0i+P0gY8bZ8tUlJfteL/AKav/OH96Slfa8X/AE1f+cP70lK+1Ykz61c/1m/3 All rights reserved. A/8ALfM/zHf+lElK9fA/8t8z/Md/6USUr18D/wAt8z/Md/6USUr18D/y3zP8x3/pRJTqYnQbc3HZ The pesticide Chlorpyrifos, an ingredient in dog shampoos and flea collars, has been banned in South Africa by the Agriculture Department, the Legal Resources Centre (LRC) said on Monday. areol5a5ttjQbrW1VvdQJLqwdzyGgES3bMWIyES58gZDV28jreH0+qmnDofkVsFQe2oEmmt5ra2W TWjxMJ5OPQuNmfUbreLrQ1mW3Un03Q4RHLX7flEoWxS5WY21cu/o/VcaTfh3sAgbjW7br/KiE0sZ SzzSlEDoshhjEk9W9/zy6R+7d/mj/wAko6ZFf88ukfu3f5o/8klSlf8APLpH7t3+aP8AySVKV/zy SlfZei/9x+pfdX/5BJSvsvRf+4/Uvur/APIJKV9l6L/3H6l91f8A5BJSvsvRf+4/Uvur/wDIJKV9 (Field crops), “I am writing as an entomologist involved in advising producers on how to manage various insect pests in field crops in Kansas. f+g6P91f96Klbcv/AEHR/ur/AL0lK25f+g6P91f96Slbcv8A0HR/ur/vSUrbl/6Do/3V/wB6Slbc Chlorpyrifos effectively controls two very significant pests in soybean production — spidermites and soybean aphids. 1v8A8pafvb/ekpX2jrf/AJS0/e3+9JSvtHW//KWn72/3pKV9o63/AOUtP3t/vSUr7R1v/wApqh5g At lower levels, it can cause neurodevelopmental delays and lower IQs in children. However you may find them in some products. (Soybeans), “Chlorpyrifos is an important tool in pest management for sugarbeet production in [Southern Idaho]. 3zP8x3/pRJSvXwP/AC3zP8x3/pRJSvXwP/LfM/zHf+lElK9fA/8ALfM/zHf+lElK9fA/8t8z/Md/ 0UxvMxA+KacwHVIx5z377rHoOODYDg0g01+tZNbBFY/P41HwS90d1cGezvpqkt+rTKMT7dbg0Nx9 GVNDGjmA0QElM0lOV9ZBWzpORkuJaa2dtJkgQfvVbmcQlG+yngMp2Xl5rKsXey3ZVtsIBZtLeHN9 /nu/vSUr/mn0T/Qu/wA9396Slf8ANPon+hd/nu/vSUr/AJp9E/0Lv89396Slf80+if6F3+e7+9JS It is well documented that pyrethroids, the chemical class used most often as a substitute, is much more disruptive to beneficial insects. 2fnk7P8ArN2isAbtKI3/AJdQ2eh11W4+Iy5waw0s1Ltuu0Rrtd+RbkCRjHktIBym+7sbQWkHKf6g CaIW/wCdPTP+4ud/7ksr/wBKocSPvg7K/wCdPTP+4ud/7ksr/wBKocavvg7K/wCdPTP+4ud/7ksr 0Fw9pJjcJlx7Ef706J4tt0DUFjjV2m4OIsFbmOLSDLmDZuI5PxlvEGCiZaUqr1drpt29pxvUJO5w Sv8Amvlf+WuR+P8A6USUr/mvlf8Alrkfj/6USU2us/8AKPQv/ThZ/wC2OekpX1UAP1U6OCJB6fig (2) On and after November 1, 2020, the use of a chlorpyrifos-containing product is limited as follows: 2. MRIEQVFhcSITBTKBkRShsUIjwVLR8DMkYuFygpJDUxVjczTxJQYWorKDByY1wtJEk1SjF2RFVTZ0 (Field crops), – California Alfalfa and Forage Association. KfvZ/wClklK+0/XT/uJT97P/AEskpX2n66f9xKfvZ/6WSUr7T9dP+4lP3s/9LJKV9p+un/cSn72f aGmtrfdvaXVjhrm7fzgPpQpcUNbVKHdcdJEUYNmTYwvDhVfFNW5zQ0ip9dLaWv8AYyWgV6CtwcS0 Individual countries can then decide unilaterally whether or not to approve products that contain such substances. (Cotton), – Oregon Processed Vegetable Commission. /wCWeH/7EV/+TSUr/nD0D/yzw/8A2Ir/APJpKV/zh6B/5Z4f/sRX/wCTSUr/AJw9A/8ALPD/APYi 256 H/bf/qVJSvt//my6h/23/wCpUlK+3/8Amy6h/wBt/wDqVJSvt/8A5suof9t/+pUlK+3/APmy6h/2 Q2mwMpg7w4bySQZHsnVuzUDhGXMyJ0VwaJendUtve1zKSyoPj9+pm0biHFr2+7Tz8eEjzc90mNNo G3x0StNFeuyt9hZU9pe2ZaHAkQY1+YQtNFtNdPKauDJJLk9Z/wCUehf+nCz/ANsc9FSL6vhp+pXT They may be used on golf courses, and to control fire ants and mosquitoes for public health purposes. Chlorpyrifos is not regulated under international law or treaty. (Nursery), – Entomologist, Tennessee State University Nursery Research Center. ANKocZV7EfH7VfZv8Wv/AJZYX/sez/0qlxlXsx8ftV9m/wAWv/llhf8Asez/ANKpcRV7MfH7V/s3 /wDKFv8Anv8A/JpKV9jyP/KFv+e//wAmkpX2PI/8oW/57/8AyaSlfY8j/wAoW/57/wDyaSlfY8j/ Footnotes. MAGnknQjwxAUTZc3rP8Ayj0L/wBOFn/tjnp6GH1ZNjfqf0p1Ubx03GLN3E+gyJ8klNb7d9Zf38H/ uuid:E2261A887ACA11DEB4AA92BB3F91487D HIfki71X+oG8b9x3R7fFFSHZ9T/9Jlfh/wCRSUrZ9T/9Jlfh/wCRSUrZ9T/9Jlfh/wCRSUrZ9T/9 They are used on golf courses to control mosquitoes and fire ants as well as for public health purposes. ReferenceStream 51t1rbqnOxnaSHOJB57nX/XxlQT5qU66LxEU6OHkZLiRe8uMwGFxDvk4QEcWSUuqDTp0tYWttrc4 (Sugarbeets), “The directors of the Maine Vegetable and Small Fruit Growers Association support the continued use of the active ingredient chlorpyrifos for agricultural production. It has a slightly skunky odor, like rotten eggs or garlic. Figure 1: Produce most likely to contain chlorpyrifos. Chlorpyrifos (sometimes referred to as chlorpyrifos-ethyl) and chlorpyrifos-methyl are insecticides used to control insect pests on a range of crops. yywf/Y5n/pVLgCvu2Psr7N/i0/8ALLB/9jmf+lUPbir7tj7L/Zv8WsR+0sKP/DzP/SqXtxV92x9l Jlfh/wCRSUrZ9T/9Jlfh/wCRSUrZ9T/9Jlfh/wCRSUrZ9T/9Jlfh/wCRSUrZ9T/9Jlfh/wCRSUrZ Removing [chlorpyrifos] as one of these options increases the likelihood of development of insect resistance. For broccoli and other cole crops, it is the only active ingredient available that effectively controls…root maggot. 6R+7d/mj/wAklSl2/W/pdjhXW20vcdrdzQBJ4k7ijSnWxbzkVmzaANxDSDua4DhzTAkFKQooBtMg /9j/4AAQSkZJRgABAgEASABIAAD/7QAsUGhvdG9zaG9wIDMuMAA4QklNA+0AAAAAABAASAAAAAEA gTZ0Qfs7p/8A3Gp/7bb/AHJe3DsFnuz7lf8AZ3T/APuNT/223+5D24dle7PuVfs7p/8A3Gp/7bb/ proof:pdf AEqhSDy2Mq+y/wCLT/yywf8A2OZ/6VS4Qr7tj7K+y/4tP/LLB/8AY5n/AKVQ4Qr7tj7K+zf4tP8A Inches Residential Use of Chlorpyrifos. Other companies produce chlorpyrifos: ADAMA Agricultural Solutions Ltd., Cheminova (acquired by FMC Corporation), Gharda Chemicals, Ltd., and Platte Chemical Company, Inc. (also Loveland Products, Inc.). It provides a much-needed change in chemical formulation to help prevent sugarbeet root maggot resistance… It helps ensure that good quality products are produced to meet market demands and consumer preference. According to the EPA, chlorpyrifos is applied to more than 30 percent of apples, asparagus, walnuts, onions, grapes, broccoli, cherries and cauliflower grown in the U.S. (Pecans). w/8A2Ir/APJpKV/zh6B/5Z4f/sRX/wCTSUr/AJw9A/8ALPD/APYiv/yaSlf84egf+WeH/wCxFf8A AJsJmPp6fSd2A8tVVBB2ZLoWXKfk1WPIp2l8MJBjZtcRO8EDQEwfPxUgiRutu2rmD7LaC5pbVRW2 Aphids can cause significant damage to wheat on our farm by reducing both yield and quality. Dow Chemical Co. introduced chlorpyrifos to homes and farm fields in 1965, and it was a highly effective deterrent to just about all insects. sf8ApFJSv2X9Zf8AS4P/AG2P/SKSlfsv6y/6XB/7bH/pFJSv2X9Zf9Lg/wDbY/8ASKSlfsv6y/6X Click on the map below to read excerpts from growers, grower organizations and university specialists in your region who have responded to one of EPA’s requests for input by explaining why they considered chlorpyrifos essential for protecting crops. PWc5oi8tI3knQ7SJUeU1FQQ325mP77L2bW+4y08RPu2mQqsp5I7yXaORb9YbnOaW3ekS0H02iXTM AE34v/nmtJTrJKQ5VLsjHfS0gb4BkSNs+4EeYTZgmJCYmi5eTj24mJlWY7C57K7HOnc6bdheCN4E cH/tsf8ApFJSv2X9Zf8AS4P/AG2P/SKSlfsv6y/6XB/7bH/pFJSv2X9Zf9Lg/wDbY/8ASKSlfsv6 Chlorpyrifos 25 Gibberellins 25 Oxyfluorfen 15 If a product contains more than one active ingredient, the primary active ingredient is the one present at the highest percentage in a product. These include broccoli, cauliflower, onions, cabbage, Brussels sprouts…lemons [and] wine grapes. zqfVMJu3CxW21Oyq63tfXXX7XfpAQQRqE6EzA2Fs4CYosPsn+LT/AMs8L/2Pb/6VT/fl4fYs9iPj pX/NPon+hd/nu/vSUr/mn0T/AELv89396Slf80+if6F3+e7+9JSv+afRP9C7/Pd/ekpX/NPon+hd To advise of changes to the use of the insecticide chlorpyrifos, which result in some currently authorised uses being restricted. AAAAAAABAAIDBAUGBwgJCgsQAAEEAQMCBAIFBwYIBQMMMwEAAhEDBCESMQVBUWETInGBMgYUkaGx 5N9HrYNlVYrr+1VWPy2i6uqt1bfaQN4ILveNN0KWtXM4uvYsMbOsubh9Qxnsrre6qx1thLW+g4g2 8mO7V/8AG8zp0y6vucm+2Ufcz3X/APG9z/8AuVT9zv7kvaKvuh7q/wDG9z/+5VP3O/uS9oq+6Hu2 Chlorpyrifos continues to provide a significant benefit in managing these pests.” – California Grape and Tree Fruit League. Lygus is one of our most persistent and serious threats. A7YkTLXEdgUpkdGWOOoGurebbh5TR9of6WwFtbRElgkl7m7e50jRMMZR2YBMxaePl5OO65zCfTHt klKSUpJSklKSUpJSklKSUpJSB2dgscWPyKmuaYIL2ggjsdUlLftDp/8A3Jp/7cb/AHpKV+0On/8A Adobe InDesign CS4 (6.0.6) OegpX1T/APEr0b/034v/AJ5rSU6ySnM+s5Lfq31Zw7YOSf8AwJ6Smtm3V47MbKcawBaMe55ku2ZB Products such as chlorpyrifos are used by growers in our region in combination with cultural practices and other nonchemical measures as an integrated pest management scheme… There is no comparable product available to farmers as a substitute for chlorpyrifos. Following a European Union review, new human health based safety levels (known as endpoints) were agreed in 2015 for chlorpyrifos, an insecticide used to control insect pests in agricultural crops and amenity situations. Chlorpyrifos 4E controls aphids, leafrollers, cutworms, and many other crop-destroying pests. adobe:docid:indd:a4b57e06-4e26-11df-ab4c-f95d444764f7 f88f+TSUr7d9Zf38H/PH/k0lK+3fWX9/B/zx/wCTSUx+1/WPdvnA3RG7cJjwncihl9u+sv7+D/nj (Wheat, Sugarbeets), “Chlorpyrifos is an important tool for managing many insect pests of the major field crops grown in North Dakota…”, “Chlorpyrifos has…been important to growers of North Dakota because it is the only insecticide that can effectively kill some of the insect pests. Chlorpyrifos is one of the few registered products and most efficacious for controlling vine mealybug, particularly its spread to noninfested areas. DQ3fu41M8H2g8BAGlSAOzpV7bLHsreCazD2zq0+Y5HknWFnCU7K3NPOiBK4CkiCXJ6z/AMo9C/8A DGBsfnG01zPDZVONkUzHSTzOA7IyLHZV+0XZDjY8B28Au920O8GzDfIBTYyHR4eCADed0NzzhYlz Without chlorpyrifos, it will be impossible to raise radishes. NOTE: complete ingredients do NOT have to be labeled by law. blv/AKSSUr7PT/5QZX/blv8A6SSUr7PT/wCUGV/25b/6SSUr7PT/AOUGV/25b/6SSUr7PT/5QZX/ Chlorpyrifos is found in agricultural products, which are fed to livestock, food crops, and in the tags placed in the ears of cattle. Chlorpyrifos was first registered as an insecticide in 1965 and the United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) re-registered it in 2006. It has become 1) the most widely used and effective insecticide against soybean aphid that is not a pyrethroid, 2) one of only two materials that growers can use against two spotted spidermite, and 3) the only insecticide that can be used effectively in a field if both of these serious pests are causing a problem at the same time.” – Ronald B. Hammond, Entomologist, Ohio State University. 6USUr18D/wAt8z/Md/6USUr18D/y3zP8x3/pRJSvXwP/AC3zP8x3/pRJSvXwP/LfM/zHf+lElK9f uuid:B427C79037BD11DDB2ACBEDFCAE69A9D 6cLP/bHPQUr6p/8AiV6N/wCm/F/881pKdZJTT6llfYaW5bn7KqXOfaIBDmNY8lpc9zWs8dxIGmui QbNwY/ft2ztGsaS7JzWPHIRkd2MQkRax+t3Qw8M3ZO50QBh5RmdxHGP32n7k77zh/eH2q4JdnXD2 /wC4d34JUpX/ADyq/wC4d34JUpX/ADyq/wC4d34JUp0endWPUmMsqpdWHOLS1wOgby7dx3GicBoi XV49L77TtrqaXvMEw1okmBJSJpQFl5qv6749ltgdSaqnAnHe4yXbdkhwHGrjwT2+VOfO1dBtx5KV Hka7g8fySS1QRPU7NnJMy3egr6dmdL2ZNdr8m+my3JsY1jWerUTY5w9NgdY9zRcdupl51iUBxUeH ngzcUtqbuAGeExj81s2uw+n9CbXZisygzqMGgWmsBxpMO3V7vBRTBnn9Jr0/tZMdQwHjF+r9jd6l ‘Out of 1,500 acres planted,’ [he wrote], 'I lost 215.3 acres to bulb mite or soil maggots — I can’t stay in business with losses like that.’ Replanting the lost acres cost this grower an additional $60,929.00… Less effective substitutes for chlorpyrifos would result in an increase in overall pesticide use. (Vegetables), “As hay growers, we are advised strongly to rotate insecticide families (i.e., organophosphates, carbamates and synthetic pyrethroids) in our lygus control program to help prevent the development of insect resistance. (Alfalfa), – Monterey County Farm Bureau, Salinas, California. QiMkFVLBYjM0coLRQwclklPw4fFjczUWorKDJkSTVGRFwqN0NhfSVeJl8rOEw9N14/NGJ5SkhbSV uuid:030B77A7B589DD11974DAD4478B9E3F5 cmn/ALcb/ekpX7Q6f/3Jp/7cb/ekpX7Q6f8A9yaf+3G/3pKV+0On/wDcmn/txv8AekpX7Q6f/wBy yP8Ayhb/AJ7/APyaSlfY8j/yhb/nv/8AJpKV9jyP/KFv+e//AMmkpX2PI/8AKFv+e/8A8mkpX2PI z/8A3J5H/pVD24fvfgr3Mn7n4hX/ADgxP+4Wf/7k8j/0ql7cP3le5k/c/EK/5wYn/cLP/wDcnkf+ /wBDX/mj+5JSvsmL/oa/80f3JKV9kxf9DX/mj+5JSVrWsaGsAa0cACAkpdJSklKSUpJSklOT1n/l Wq2cRGgBYp55SlqqTSlSaVLphUpNKV00qUmlTbOP+0ult6bjub632pttlLnNYba9haAC4tmHdlUy So we would have potentially greater environmental impacts as growers scramble to achieve similar crop protection using less effective products. 3Bz/AP3J5H/pVP8Abx/v/gx+7k/c/EL/APOHE/7hZ/8A7k8j/wBKpe3j/e/BPuZP3PxCv+cGJ/3C The only lega… 5wHQhQWHl8Z6NR/1C6I+Nr8iuP3Xt1/zmOQ4QsPKwLSs/wAXdZe41Z7msJ9rXVBzgPNwsbP3IcCw In the case of imported fire ants, the loss of chlorpyrifos would eliminate world markets for the southern field nursery industry and have a serious impact on their profitability.” – Entomologist, Tennessee State University Nursery Research Center. gFTPro2m8fb6NmFLhZmtD9lft3NBAY/d9EydwjwhPwcycg9QpZl5bgui9QrLXUkpSSnjs5n1VOdk pUlN/p2LldTY+zH6rltFZDT6jdp110/SFBTb/YPUv/LfI+7/AMzSUr9g9S/8t8j7v/M0lK/YPUv/ 5NJSv+cPQP8Ayzw//Yiv/wAmkpX/ADh6B/5Z4f8A7EV/+TSUr/nD0D/yzw//AGIr/wDJpKV/zh6B Since the insecticide was placed on the market in 2005 eight EU countries have already banned products containing chlorpyrifos. OJwEfNws/wComazNZVgZTCQ0F7jWQ6Y907XtDvH3J0qieHcscYCrdEfVTKtc2va0ho9zmkN9w5BH f+22/wByaYjsn3Z9yr9ndP8A+4tP/bbf7k3hCvdn3K/7O6f/ANxaf+22/wByaQFe7PuU2N0KjMf6 The portion of the delivered cost charged to transportation is less out of Maine than the West for a majority of east coast customers. kpX/ADh6B/5Z4f8A7EV/+TSUr/nD0D/yzw//AGIr/wDJpKV/zh6B/wCWeH/7EV/+TSUr/nD0D/yz (Table grapes, Stone fruit), – California Cotton Ginners and Growers Association. (Wheat, Sugarbeets), – Dr. Janet Knodel, Department of Entomology, North Dakota State University. ReferenceStream AQBIAAAAAQAB/+4AE0Fkb2JlAGQAAAAAAQUAAgjo/9sAhAAMCAgICAgMCAgMEAsLCxAUDg0NDhQY ZW9Bx6an3W4VLa662XPcWVwGWnax3zITPegTQK4wzgXr33Y0dExcmfQwqXholx9NgAB8SRCU5iO5 v+afRP8AQu/z3f3pKV/zT6J/oXf57v70lK/5p9E/0Lv89396Slf80+if6F3+e7+9JTq01Mx6WUVC adobe:docid:indd:9337884d-395c-11dd-9e5a-aca57561e5a0 (Wine grapes), “Chlorpyrifos is needed for control of a wide variety of pests. B/7bH/pFJSv2X9Zf9Lg/9tj/ANIpKV+y/rL/AKXB/wC2x/6RSUr9l/WX/S4P/bY/9IpKV+y/rL/p 3A2vIt3PG+XH3aO7pykP2PI/8oW/57//ACaSlfY8j/yhb/nv/wDJpKV9jyP/AChb/nv/APJpKV9j Chlorpyrifos is a broad spectrum, non-systemic organophosphorus insecticide with contact, stomach and respiratory action. ANOFn/tjnoKYfVltj/qf0ptUB7um4wYXaiTQyJ50SU1v2X9Zf9Lg/wDbY/8ASKSlfsv6y/6XB/7b 9XRTUqSUwtqqvrNVzG2Md9JjwHNMa6goEAqeYu+qDLnWYzKq6aWg+m5ggkOEav8Ac4x/KlUTgyGT AMYDAREAAhEBAxEB/8QBQgAAAQUBAQEBAQEAAAAAAAAAAwABAgQFBgcICQoLAQABBQEBAQEBAQAA +BpKV/kD/wA2n/gaSlf5A/8ANp/4GkpX+QP/ADaf+BpKV/kD/wA2n/gaSnpOs/8AKPQv/ThZ/wC2 The California researchers also concluded that chlorpyrifos food residue “would likely decrease” if the EPA bans the agricultural use of the chemical. 300.00 Generic products will remain available for farmers to use. /wCkklK+z0/+UGV/25b/AOkklK+z0/8AlBlf9uW/+kklK+z0/wDlBlf9uW/+kklK+z0/+UGV/wBu Campaigners have called for zero tolerance on the pesticide xTHRp+RQWbMvUs/fd95QssnvT7q9Sz9933lCyj3p91/Us/fd95Q4ir3p91vUs/fd95Q4in3p91/U Image from feedthemwisely.com, used with permission. Without a labeled and effective insecticide for cabbage/radish maggot control, we would lose our ability to product our highest volume crop. tFH3WXdi7pjXv9R7Ky4dzz+RH2j3T91l3Y3dOrH6aytjiI17/kQMCAtly8oxu2tlAethjt6x/wDP bnQSoBgyE6M4nABAf8XOXdkOvfmiphMtqDSSGncS2Q7x26/H4K5DCeHVrzol0cL6iVtpjqFrXvcQ RULE TITLE: Limitations on Pesticide Products Containing Chlorpyrifos (1) All products that contain any amount of chlorpyrifos (“chlorpyrifos-containing product”) are classified as restricted-use pesticides. kpSSlJKUkpSSlJKUkpSSlJKa+VgYObH2zHqv2ghpsYHEA8wSNElsoRluHOt+qH1etmcQNMQCx72x W/8ApJJSvs9P/lBlf9uW/wDpJJSvs9P/AJQZX/blv/pJJSvs9P8A5QZX/blv/pJJSvs9P/lBlf8A – North Carolina Nursery and Landscape Association. ThZ/7Y56Kkf1dO36mdMdv9KOmY59SJ2xQz3QPBJTj/bz/wDPA7/tiz/yKKlfbz/88Dv+2LP/ACKS 300.00 (Hay), – Dan Horton, Professor of Entomology, University of Georgia; and Ted Cottrell, research scientist, U.S. Department of Agriculture. P/8AIJKV9syP/L5v+Y//AMgkpX2zI/8AL5v+Y/8A8gkp3Os/8o9C/wDThZ/7Y56ClfVP/wASvRv/ Control of peachtree borer in southeastern peach production has been, and remains, almost entirely dependent on post-harvest application of chlorpyrifos… Pheromone mating disruption, or substitution of either endosulfan or pyrethroids are dramatically inferior to the current use of chlorpyrifos.” – Dan L. Horton, University of Georgia, Entomology. 300.00 At the present time, there are no suitable chlorpyrifos substitutes for the preventative management of many wood-boring insects… Secondly, chlorpyrifos is a major insecticide for quarantine control of Japanese beetle and imported fire ants in the nursery industry and is the only affordable quarantine treatment option available for commercial turf growers to control imported fire ants… At the present time, we do not have any non-chlorpyrifos alternatives for treatment of field nursery plants that are approved in the Federal Fire Ant Quarantine… I feel the nursery industry is very dependent on the continued availability of chlorpyrifos until suitable substitutes can be identified. HoX/AKcLP/bHPSUw+rJtH1P6UaAHWjpuN6YPBd6DNvh3SU1vtP10/wC4lP3s/wDSySlfafrp/wBx ANsc9JTH6sPNf1Q6TY1peWdNxnBg5cRSwwPikpF/zi6h/wCU+V9zv/SaSlf84uof+U+V9zv/AEmk LXjM/wDYn27J9X9o+p6r9/p+ns3bjO2e3gipB/kD/wA2n/gaSlf5A/8ANp/4GkpX+QP/ADaf+BpK Chlorpyrifos . (Nursery), – Ronald B. Hammond, Entomologist, Ohio State University. Chlorpyrifos is a highly effective chemical and one we can ill afford to lose.” – California Cotton Ginners and Growers Association. Additionally, banning the chemical would greatly increase the potential for insect resistance due to the small number of alternative chemicals registered for alfalfa.” – California Alfalfa and Forage Association. lUOCH7yvcyfu/ir/AJwYn/cLP/8Acnkf+lUuCP7yvcyfu/ir/nBif9ws7/3J5H/pVLgj3V7mT938 jOy24FXosaXl5rYPaOXCeQO8IHMAatUceeUeIXTnZOD09tuKW49Ia60h0MbBHpWnXTxCkBOq2OSd (Peaches), “My major concerns regarding the withdrawal of chlorpyrifos from the management options currently available to pecan growers in Texas are 1) that the risk of resistance to remaining materials will increase; 2) that some producers may adopt materials that are more disruptive of the IPM [Integrated Pest Mangement] program (i.e., pyrethroids) than those currently being used; and 3) that outbreaks of secondary pests like aphids, mites and leafminers may result and trigger more insecticide use than is currently needed to produce large crops of good quality.” – Texas Entomologist. EhMTExIYFBIUFBQUEhQUGx4eHhsUJCcnJyckMjU1NTI7Ozs7Ozs7Ozs7AQ0LCxAOECIYGCIyKCEo ALk8n/0qlwjur3Mn7v4r/wDODD/7h53/ALk8n/0qhwjur3Mn7v4q/wCcGH/3Dzv/AHJ5P/pVKh3V SpSv+d/Rv3rP8wpUpL1n/lHoX/pws/8AbHPSUr6p/wDiV6N/6b8X/wA81pKdZJSklNV3UcVlrWPc Maine’s cool, wet spring is conducive to the propagation of the cabbage root maggot. 7JXzvyJZ3GgZBd+EeagnzEIs8OWnLwenxvqNSxwdmZ114HLWNFYMHv8ATMKvLmewbUeW7l1Mf6s9 AHJphHsn3Z9yr9ndP/7jU/8Abbf7k0wj2V7s+5X/AGd0/wD7i0/9tt/uTTCPZXuz7lX7O6f/ANxa Q8OLT0ugODPpEegydvmkp537L0X/ALj9S+6v/wAgipX2Xov/AHH6l91f/kElK+y9F/7j9S+6v/yC It is also used on soybeans, fruit and nut trees, Brussels sprouts, cranberries, broccoli, and cauliflower, as well as other row crops. r/8AJJKV+z+u/wDlX0//ALbr/wDJJKV+z+u/+VfT/wDtuv8A8kkpX7P67/5V9P8A+26//JJKV+z+ DhfaOhYXoV/Zv2hZ+h2DZ/Qs930YjnVOoMvCKqmh9SeidN6T9XcHq+02X24NN77HQSwOqa8tr4jl ADx/5NJSvt31l/fwf88f+TSUr7d9Zf38H/PH/k0lK+3fWX9/B/zx/wCTSUr7d9Zf38H/ADx/5NJS (Peaches), “Peachtree borer has historically been regarded as the southeastern U.S.’s key borer species, as uncontrolled peachtree borer infestations will debilitate and kill trees more rapidly that the lesser peachtree borer. JKUkpSSlJKUkpSSlJKUkpSSlJKUkpSSnJ6z/AMo9C/8AThZ/7Y56SkX1eIb9S+mOLjWB0vHJe3lv Non-agricultural uses include golf courses, turf, green houses, and on non-structural wood treatments such as utility poles and fence posts. As a result, with the co-operation of product authoris… While its use has greatly declined over the years with the introduction of newer chemicals and the development of transgenic crops to control lepidopterous insects and the corn rootworm, there remain several pests such as the Russian wheat aphid, pea aphid and soybean aphid where chlorpyrifos is still a very important management option.” – Phil Sloderbeck, Southwest Research and Extension Center. /wBJpKV/zi6h/wCU+V9zv/SaSlf84uof+U+V9zv/AEmkpX/OLqH/AJT5X3O/9JpKV/zi6h/5T5X3 u/8AlX0//tuv/wAkkp1Os/8AKPQv/ThZ/wC2OegpX1T/APEr0b/034v/AJ5rSU6ySlJKUkpSSnl8 These include broccoli, cauliflower, onions, cabbage, Brussels sprouts…lemons [and] wine grapes. 3ECGyfUiIYdd2hjuO2ilIBZNY+qLvdLynuoaIfkFu6w2MaCwVjk8SRp+KhnC9hqFkDxHxep6Ky5h uuid:F4748666E750DC1185D5B439D6DDABEC uuid:18E616E437B511DDB2ACBEDFCAE69A9D 3pf+dV/5BJSvV6n/ANzel/51X/kElK9Xqf8A3N6X/nVf+QSUr1ep/wDc3pf+dV/5BJTtdZ/5R6F/ GssLW13S01ve8uZsBDiQQ4AagCXNAJJhCwqnF/xgvsr+rVtjS0VttqNzXR7m7xtDZB19Tafkm5QT “Chlorpyrifos is a major insecticide for quarantine control of Japanese beetle and imported fire ants in the nursery industry and is the only affordable quarantine treatment option available for commercial turf growers to control imported fire ants… If chlorpyrifos usage were eliminated, it would prevent all field nursery plant sales from areas of the southern U.S. infested with fire ants (currently 275 million acres) to northern and western markets. SaSlf84uof8AlPlfc7/0mkpX/OLqH/lPlfc7/wBJpKV/zi6h/wCU+V9zv/SaSlf84uof+U+V9zv/ It would almost certainly further increase pyrethroid use. VXexldjWw5lQhgP8kBAqcv6yY9VlIeyfWZ7y0FwaQNAXRPcAKhzggDp837F0Tq87a5zN7m/o62xI While residues of chlorpyrifos are rarely detected on these crops, even trace amounts are harmful for kids. This is the average level found averaged over all samples that were tested. Chlorpyrifos is used to control many different kinds of pests, including termites, mosquitoes, and roundworms. The largest agricultural market for chlorpyrifos in terms of total pounds of active ingredient is corn. Buurma Farms Inc. raises approximately 1500 acres of radishes each year. 3N6X/nVf+QSUr1ep/wDc3pf+dV/5BJSvV6n/ANzel/51X/kElK9Xqf8A3N6X/nVf+QSUr1ep/wDc 72.00 ANzel/51X/kElK9Xqf8A3N6X/nVf+QSUr1ep/wDc3pf+dV/5BJSvV6n/ANzel/51X/kElK9Xqf8A +Dt9cie0+jdokNiqA9J/l1CHpwJwMUDUmmv/AKkLexfIPJZl+c+b1/RfqNn5pZf1KcTHOpZxcf7J hrKj+RySkn7P67/5V9P/AO26/wDySSlfs/rv/lX0/wD7br/8kkpX7P67/wCVfT/+26//ACSSlfs/ uuid:B427C79137BD11DDB2ACBEDFCAE69A9D * Dow AgroSciences has not independently verified the assertions made in the comments or the identities of the individuals or organizations purporting to have submitted the comments. 1/8A6VSUr7Zjf+XWd/mv/wDSqSlfbMb/AMus7/Nf/wClUlK+2Y3/AJdZ3+a//wBKpKeh6z/yj0L/ cTU4VPaC2wvkO8tknVXOUjIdF01us/8AKPQv/ThZ/wC2Oerixh9WbfR+p/SriC70+m4z4HJ20MMJ (Broccoli), “[O]nions are one of the most important vegetable crops in New York in terms of crop value… New York growers plant well over 12,000 acres of onion, with a cash value of over $39 million and an overall economic development impact of $100 million… According to [the Cornell cooperative Extension] 95 percent of the onions produced in New York have been treated with chlorpyrifos… The restriction of this product, with no viable alternatives, would put many, if not all, onion growers out of business… [O]nion growers do not see the logic or wisdom of restricting the product’s use and effectively terminating commercial onion production in New York at this current time.” – New York Farm Bureau. (Vegetables), – Washington State Hay Growers Association. (Field crops), “Maine is currently the third-largest broccoli producing state in the nation, behind California and Arizona. X11g+mdPd+674dx5pv3bW7TGYEap3v2N05uK3Eroa1jPoGNzgR33OkypZYYmJC2J4TbaoqFNLKm8 application/pdf Gv8AzR/ckpX2TF/0Nf8Amj+5JSvsmL/oa/8ANH9ySlfZMX/Q1/5o/uSUr7Ji/wChr/zR/ckpX2TF 2015-09-30T13:44:36-07:00 2O0lhcZdr7pG4cHSY5URjpa8VLWLoVV2MtrdiO9cDca3SSAH/mn3QQf9qjEiDQ+xbYL1PT7LH0tc Based on University of Minnesota research, chlorpyrifos is the product of choice for controlling spidermites in soybeans… Chlorpyrifos is one of only two types of products that have proven to provide effective control of soybean aphids. yfcyvPqaDLnD1S0E7dx8Ph8UTIdlohL95aujNZTZiszRXSQd9XqODHRJ4Gh4QJF3ShCQFcTnJxYF • There is evidence chlorpyrifos may also affect birds consuming product granules, insects contaminated with the chemical or soil and water treated with chlorpyrifos. 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