A sense of the nearness of the end is not natural nor is it based primarily on what we see. EUSEBIUS [Chronicles, Anno 3], also asserts his episcopate at Antioch; his assertion that Peter founded that Church contradicts Acts 11:19-22 His journey to Rome to oppose Simon Magus arose from JUSTIN'S story of the statue found at Rome (really the statue of the Sabine god, Semo Sanctus, or Hercules, mistaken as if Simon Magus were worshipped by that name, "Simoni Deo Sancto"; found in the Tiber in 1574, or on an island in the Tiber in 1662), combined with the account in Acts 8:9-24 impossible, as it would make Peter, at the interview with Paul at Antioch, to have been then for some years bishop of Rome! ‘“ 6 And the Lord said, “Hear what the unrighteous judge said; 7 now shall not God bring about justice for His elect, who cry to Him day and night, and will He delay long over them? When Moses spoke his final words, he warned the Israelites not to become preoccupied with the mysteries which were not revealed, but to become students of what God had revealed to them in His Law: “The secret things belong to the LORD our God, but the things revealed belong to us and to our sons forever, that we may observe all the words of this law” (Deuteronomy 29:29). Paul was very careful in the things he spoke and wrote to distinguish between what he taught by the command of the Lord, those things he taught by permission, and those things which were his own opinion (1 Corinthians 7:6, 10, 12, 25, 40). 23 But Shem and Japheth took a garment and laid it upon both their shoulders and walked backward and covered the nakedness of their father; and their faces were turned away, so that they did not see their father’s nakedness (Genesis 9:20-23). 6 And you will be hearing of wars and rumors of wars; see that you are not frightened, for [those things] must take place, but [that] is not yet the end. There are the “judgments” of Romans 1, for example, as well as those special judgments like the flood (Genesis 6-9), Sodom and Gomorrah (Genesis 18 and 19), and the judgments on Egypt (Exodus 1-15) which serve as types of the great judgment yet to come. But there also is a negative side to Peter’s words. 22 And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brothers outside. 143 Some maintain that no one can possess more than one gift. 9 Be hospitable to one another without complaint. The conclusion. 17 [The righteous] cry and the LORD hears, And delivers them out of all their troubles. Some time ago a Romanian Christian visited our church, and I happened to be standing by as he spoke to another Romanian believer attending that day. We may divide the Epistle into: (I) The inscription ( 1 Peter 1:1 1 Peter 1:2 believers as born again of God. It is in love that we should seek out wayward saints and seek to turn them from their sins. Ye shall receive a crown of glory - A glorious crown or diadem. This happened to Paul due to the generosity of the saints as recorded in 2 Corinthians: 12 For the ministry of this service is not only fully supplying the needs of the saints, but is also overflowing through many thanksgivings to God. Some things are seen by Peter as yet future (see 2 Peter 3:3). Compare 1 Peter 2:13 1 Peter 1:2 elcom.net/bible?passage=Eph+1:3">Eph 1:3; 1 Peter 1:14 1 Peter 2:13 1 Peter 2:18 com.net/bible?passage=Eph+5:22">Eph 5:22; 1 Peter 3:9 com.net/bible?passage=Php+2:14,Ro+12:13">Php 2:14 Ro 12:13 Hebrews 13:2 elcom.net/bible?passage=1Pe+5:1">1Pe 5:1 with Romans 8:18 with 1 Thessalonians 5:6 1 Peter 5:13 have been after Colossians 4:10 (A.D. 61-63), when Mark was with Paul at Rome, but intending to go to Asia Minor. But let us be careful to see that hospitality is no less important in the church today. Truly I say to you, not one stone here shall be left upon another, which will not be torn down.” 3 And as He was sitting on the Mount of Olives, the disciples came to Him privately, saying, “Tell us, when will these things be, and what [will be] the sign of Your coming, and of the end of the age?” (Matthew 24:1-3). (4) Peter’s words must be understood by giving heed to the term “end” and the expression “all things.” The word “end” refers to the goal or the outcome of a sequence of events or elements. Our “service” may actually be self-serving. We have ministry groups, most of which meet in homes. Prophecy, both near and distant, was a prominent theme is His teaching. ITS GENUINENESS is attested by 2 Peter 3:1 Also by POLYCARP (in EUSEBIUS [Ecclesiastical History, 4.14]), who, in writing to the Philippians, quotes many passages: in the second chapter he quotes 1 Peter 1:13 1 Peter 1:21; 3:9 EUSEBIUS says of PAPIAS [Ecclesiastical History, 3.39] that he, too, quotes Peter's First Epistle. Compare 1 Corinthians 15:1 Gospel wherein ye stand." And so we did. (Phillips), If you are a speaker, speak in words which seem to come from God. Peter obviously did not have his head in the clouds. Test drive it and tell us about your experience. Spiritual service is serving in the name of Christ. In 1 Peter 4:17, Peter indicates it is “time for judgment to begin with the household of God; and if [it begins] with us first, what [will be] the outcome for those who do not obey the gospel of God?” Is Peter not saying our judgment begins (and ends) in time,135 while the unbeliever’s judgment may not begin until the return of our Lord and last for eternity?136 If judgment begins “now” for the believer, then the last phase of God’s program has begun. From an eternal point of view, man’s destiny has been divinely ordained in eternity past (see Romans 9). Some have maintained that the Babylon meant was in Egypt because Mark preached in and around Alexandria after Peter's death, and therefore it is likely he did so along with that apostle in the same region previously. We should suffer patiently, after the example of Christ, 1 Peter 4:1.And no longer live according to our former custom, but disregard the scoffs of those who are incensed against us because we have forsaken their evil ways, who are shortly to give account to God for their conduct, 1 Peter 4:2-5.How the Gospel was preached to Jews and Gentiles, 1 Peter 4:6. 16 The face of the LORD is against evildoers, To cut off the memory of them from the earth. Ham did not act in love toward his father, because he made his father’s sin public. (The Living Stone and a Chosen People. . In these times, some of the saints will be tempted to fall and even to fall away from the faith (see Matthew 24:10-12; Hebrews). Tons more resources, better tools, NIV84 and easier navigation. souls," 1 Peter 2:25 God," "the chief Shepherd," 1 Peter 5:2 1 Peter 5:4 "Feed My lambs . Knowing that eternity is just around the corner should significantly affect the way we live. Any apparent delays in prophetic events must be viewed from an eternal time frame rather than a merely temporal one (2 Peter 3:8). Peter contrasts the fate of the believer with that of the unbeliever. (NIV), If any of you is a preacher then he should preach his message as from God. We must not be oblivious to the times in which we live; neither should we be frightened and act in panic. We are, Peter tells us, “stewards of the manifold grace of God” (verse 10). Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. In Lycaonia were the churches of Iconium, founded by Paul and Barnabas; of Lystra, Timothy's birthplace, where Paul was stoned at the instigation of the Jews; and of Derbe, the birthplace of Gaius, or Caius. See the notes at that verse. The one who “covers a transgression” is contrasted with one who “repeats a matter,” thus separating close friends. 9 Be hospitable142 to one another without complaint. And the beginning of the torments of hell or the bliss of heaven are as close as the day of our death. While suffering may not be a pleasant companion, it is one of God’s effective ways of keeping us from becoming too attached to this life and giving us a yearning for heaven. Our high fences isolate and protect us from our neighbors. 44 For this reason you be ready too; for the Son of Man is coming at an hour when you do not think [He will.] Also included links to commentaries, concordances, dictionaries, encyclopedia and lexicons. We must pray and ask for divine wisdom to know how best to serve others, and then we must do so in the strength God supplies. Also Caius, the presbyter of Rome, in EUSEBIUS [Ecclesiastical History, 2.25] asserts that some memorials of their martyrdom were to be seen at Rome on the road to Ostia. In our text, Peter first reminds us that we are living on the edge of eternity. (2) We must interpret Peter’s teaching here in light of the rest of his teaching. We must be ever mindful of the times, looking, watching, and working so that when He comes He will find us faithfully carrying out our stewardship. 37 FOR YET IN A VERY LITTLE WHILE, HE WHO IS COMING WILL COME, AND WILL NOT DELAY. He was a realist. We shall not try to expound all the relevant texts, but we must be aware of them, and our interpretation of Peter’s teaching must not contradict the rest of Scripture. 13 Therefore, gird your minds for action, keep sober [in spirit,] fix your hope completely on the grace to be brought to you at the revelation of Jesus Christ (1 Peter 1:13). This is where grumbling comes in. It means outstretching in the sense of consistent; our love must be the love that never fails. JEROME [On Illustrious Men, 1] states that "Peter, after having been bishop of Antioch, and after having preached to the believers of the circumcision in Pontus, &c. [plainly inferred from 1 Peter 1:1 in the second year of Claudius went to Rome to refute Simon Magus, and for twenty-five years there held the episcopal chair, down to the last year of Nero, that is, the fourteenth, by whom he was crucified with his head downwards, declaring himself unworthy to be crucified as his Lord, and was buried in the Vatican, near the triumphal way." Excepting this, and the Paulician heretics, who rejected it, all ancient testimony is on its side. But how? 2 Do not neglect to show hospitality to strangers, for by this some have entertained angels without knowing it. 1 Peter 4:8 - Above all, keep fervent in your love for one another, because love covers a multitude of sins. 5 For many will come in My name, saying, ‘I am the Christ,’ and will mislead many. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Resist the devil and he will flee from you. As the return of our Lord draws nearer, there will be times of persecution and affliction. Some may have more than one gift, but each believer has at least one gift.143. 17 For [it is] time for judgment to begin with the household of God; and if [it begins] with us first, what [will be] the outcome for those who do not obey the gospel of God? Like our Lord, Peter has much to say about things to come. It is not unlikely that the whole tradition is built on the connection which existed between Paul and Peter. Amen. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Therefore whoever wishes to be a friend of the world makes himself an enemy of God. When Paul at an earlier period "assayed to go into Bithynia" ( Acts 16:7 suffered him not. The word “gift” is derived from the root word for grace (charis). See the notes at 1 Peter 2:25. Let us therefore lay aside the deeds of darkness and put on the armor of light. The husband opened the door just far enough to tell us his wife was “not up to a visit” at the time. In the Old Testament, the prophets spoke of future events pertaining to the first and second coming of our Lord as though they were one event. 11 Do not speak against one another, brethren. 17 And if he refuses to listen to them, tell it to the church; and if he refuses to listen even to the church, let him be to you as a Gentile and a tax-gatherer. This gives us a very important clue to the meaning of the expression, “love covers a multitude of sins.” Love does not seek to “cover up” sin but to cover it. 40 You too, be ready; for the Son of Man is coming at an hour that you do not expect.” 41 And Peter said, “Lord, are You addressing this parable to us, or to everyone [else] as well?” 42 And the Lord said, “Who then is the faithful and sensible steward, whom his master will put in charge of his servants, to give them their rations at the proper time? 5 In the same way, you who are younger, submit yourselves to your elders. Who am also a partaker (o kai koinwno). We must do everything in the strength God Himself supplies. On one occasion, we took in a family who had come all the way to Dallas from the Northeast in a converted school bus to attend seminary. No new revelation has been given during this past 2,000 years because there is nothing to add to God’s complete revelation through our Lord and His apostles. [Psa 1:1 KJV] Blessed [is] the man that walketh not in the counsel of the [Mat 1:1 KJV] The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David [Luk 2:1 KJV] And it came to pass in those days, that there went out a dec [Jhn 1:1 KJV] In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, an . 8 But all these things are [merely] the beginning of birth pangs. Proconsular "Asia" included Mysia, Lydia, Caria, Phrygia, Pisidia, and Lyaconia. If spiritual gifts are to be employed in serving one another, they are ultimately to be employed to the glory of God. 43 “But be sure of this, that if the head of the house had known at what time of the night the thief was coming, he would have been on the alert and would not have allowed his house to be broken into. 20 For where two or three have gathered together in My name, there I am in their midst” (Matthew 18:15-20). Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. 1 Peter 1:24 âFor, âAll flesh is like grass, and all its glory like the flower of grass. Paul urged Timothy to do this: “Preach the Word … ” (2 Timothy 4:2). 13 Let us behave properly as in the day, not in carousing and drunkenness, not in sexual promiscuity and sensuality, not in strife and jealousy (Romans 13:11-13). Compare 1 Peter 1:8 1 Peter 1:18 1 Peter 3:15 ; 2 Peter 3:1 of teaching of Paul, but as an independent witness in his own style attests the same truths. (7) The “end” is “at hand” for each and every generation, and their response to the gospel in this life determines their eternal fate. STYLE.--Fervor and practical truth, rather than logical reasoning, are the characteristics, of this Epistle, as they were of its energetic, warm-hearted writer. Just as a doctor cannot cure cancer by putting a band-aid over it, neither can the church remedy sin by concealing its existence. How easy to want to help ease the suffering of someone experiencing the consequences of their own sin. Rather it is based on what God has said in His Word. (4) Spiritual gifts are given to Christians as a stewardship. Instead, Peter deals with the ordinary, every day hindrances to hospitality which blesses others. Though at the Jerusalem council he advocated the exemption of Gentile converts from the ceremonial observances of the law, yet he, after having associated in closest intercourse with the Gentiles at Antioch, withdrew from them, through dread of the prejudices of his Jewish brethren who came from James, and timidly dissembled his conviction of the religious equality of Jew and Gentile; for this Paul openly withstood and rebuked him: a plain refutation of his alleged supremacy and infallibility (except where specially inspired, as in writing his Epistles). 36 And be like men who are waiting for their master when he returns from the wedding feast, so that they may immediately open [the door] to him when he comes and knocks. of . The first is becoming aloof to the return of our Lord so that we are caught up with the world and with the things of the present and thus fail to make heavenly things our treasure and our priority (see 1 Corinthians 7:29-35 for Paul’s exhortation). The heathen used it for the oracles which come to them from their gods; the Christians used it for the words of scripture and the words of Christ. No longer is Peter hung up with dates and timing and signs. Peter assumes that when we speak, we speak God’s Word. 34 For you showed sympathy to the prisoners, and accepted joyfully the seizure of your property, knowing that you have for yourselves a better possession and an abiding one. It may also include the prayers of the church collectively offered up in these latter days. 8 Above all, keep fervent in your love for one another, because love covers a multitude of sins. Indeed, the “end of all things is at hand.”. I took a seminary student along with me, and because we were both wearing suits, the family greeted us eagerly. Some believe it means that when we love, many of our sins are covered. We find it used elsewhere in both the Old Testament and the New: 12 Hatred stirs up strife, But love covers all transgressions (Proverbs 10:12). 7 The end of all things is at hand; therefore, be of sound judgment and sober spirit for the purpose of prayer. 2:2).” A. T. Robertson, Word Pictures in the New Testament (Nashville: Broadman Press, 1933), VI, p. 124. The provinces are named by Peter in the heading in the order proceeding from northeast to south and west. BIRKS [Horæ Evangelicæ] suggests that false teachers may have appealed from Paul's doctrine to that of James and Peter. When Paul speaks of his impending death, he speaks of eternal bliss accompanying it: 6 Therefore, being always of good courage, and knowing that while we are at home in the body we are absent from the Lord (2 Corinthians 5:6). A Lasting Legacy: Choosing A Wife For Isaac (Gen. 24:1-67). Test drive it and tell us about your experience. Love is the best antidote for sin. We are given a graphic illustration of the truth of this Proverb in Genesis 9: 20 Then Noah began farming and planted a vineyard. In these latter times, we need to be aware of the nearness of the consummation of God’s plans and purposes revealed to us in the prophecies of the Bible. We also have many these days who have not known the love and devotion of a Christian home. The author calls himself the apostle Peter, 1 Peter 1:1 and an "elder," 1 Peter 5:1 the warmth of Peter's character; and, as ERASMUS says, this Epistle is full of apostolic dignity and authority and is worthy of the leader among the apostles. Unbelievers are sinners, whose sins have set them on the road that leads to eternal torment. ORIGEN'S and EUSEBIUS' statement that Peter visited the churches of Asia in person seems very probable. 6 Let your speech always be with grace, seasoned, [as it were,] with salt, so that you may know how you should respond to each person (Colossians 4:2-6). We now see there was a gap in time, a significant gap. “And if it is disagreeable in your sight to serve the LORD, choose for yourselves today whom you will serve: whether the gods which your fathers served which were beyond the River, or the gods of the Amorites in whose land you are living; but as for me and my house, we will serve the LORD” (Joshua 24:15). This means we do not, like the false prophets, speak independently of God and even contrary to His Word (see Jeremiah 23:25-32; Ezekiel 13:1-7; Colossians 2:18). We left, indicating we would return. IRENÆUS [Against Heresies, 4.9.2] expressly â¦ In the final analysis, this is the goal of every aspect of our life: 31 Whether, then, you eat or drink or whatever you do, do all to the glory of God (1 Corinthians 10:31). In the Gospel of Luke, our Lord cautioned His disciples not to be caught by surprise when He returned: Knowing His return was imminent, Jesus’ disciples were to be ready and watchful and found doing those things He had given them to do. Does debt affect giving in modern times in light of the Israelite tithe and slaves? Chastened fervor, deep humility, and ardent love appear, just as we should expect from one who had been so graciously restored after his grievous fall. Peter is a man whom we would have expected to write a book on prophecy. This means each Christian must not only know his gift(s), but he or she must develop and use them to the greatest possible extent. The secret police stood outside the church taking down the names of all who entered. It is hard for us to grasp the difficulty and danger hospitality poses for those endeavoring to practice it in times of persecution. We have newcomers and visitors to our church who would greatly profit from our hospitality. Let us happily open our homes and our lives to those whom we do not know, especially those who our brothers and sisters in Christ. Passage Display : 1 Peter 4:8: BIRKS prefers dating the Epistle A.D. 58, after Paul's second visit to Galatia, when Silvanus was with him, and so could not have been with Peter (A.D. 54), and before his imprisonment at Rome, when Mark was with him, and so could not have been with Peter (A.D. 62); perhaps when Paul was detained at Cæsarea, and so debarred from personal intercourse with those churches. 1 Now He was telling them a parable to show that at all times they ought to pray and not to lose heart, 2 saying, “There was in a certain city a judge who did not fear God, and did not respect man. ITS GENUINENESS is attested by 2 Peter 3:1 Also by POLYCARP (in EUSEBIUS [Ecclesiastical History, 4.14]), who, in writing to the Philippians, quotes many passages: in the second chapter he quotes 1 Peter 1:13 1 Peter 1:21 ; 3:9 EUSEBIUS says of PAPIAS [Ecclesiastical History, 3.39] that he, too, quotes Peter's First Epistle. The relation in which the Pauline Gentile churches stood towards the apostles at Jerusalem favors this view. 11 Whoever speaks, let him speak, as it were, the utterances of God; whoever serves, let him do so as by the strength which God supplies; so that in all things God may be glorified through Jesus Christ, to whom belongs the glory and dominion forever and ever. Jesus’ message was that of John the Baptist: “Repent, for the kingdom of God is at hand.” In chapters 1 and 2 of Hebrews, the Lord Jesus is identified as God’s final Word, His last revelation to mankind (see 1:1-2; 2:1-4). It is noteworthy that here Peter the Apostle ( 1 Peter 1:1) calls himself an elder along with (sun) the other âelders.â A witness (martu).
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